Farm workers assist in animal births, and care for newborn livestock. Breed and raise stock such as cattle, poultry, and honeybees, using recognized breeding practices to ensure continued improvement in stock. Clean and disinfect buildings and yards, and remove manure. Clean and sanitize milking equipment, storage tanks, collection cups, and cows’ udders, or ensure that procedures are followed to maintain sanitary conditions for handling of milk.
Clean, grade, and package crops for marketing. Control the spread of disease and parasites in herds, by using vaccination and medication, and by separating sick animals. Destroy diseased or superfluous crops. Determine types and quantities of crops or livestock to be raised, according to factors such as market conditions, federal program availability, and soil conditions. Evaluate product marketing alternatives, then promote and market farm products, acting as the sales agent for livestock and crops. Harvest crops, and collect specialty products such as royal jelly, wax, pollen, and honey from bee colonies.
Install and shift irrigation systems to irrigate fields evenly or according to crop need. Maintain pastures or grazing lands to ensure that animals have enough feed, employing pasture-conservation measures such as arranging rotational grazing.
Milk cows, using milking machinery. Monitor crops as they grow in order to ensure that they are growing properly and are free from diseases and contaminants. Negotiate and arrange with buyers for the sale, storage, and shipment of crops. Perform crop production duties such as planning, tilling, planting, fertilizing, cultivating, spraying, and harvesting. Plan crop activities based on factors such as crop maturity and weather conditions. Purchase and store livestock feed.